**Cosmology 101**.

site pages http://www.cosmology101.wikidot.com/articles

Feel free to browse the site, numerous links to handy articles. These links were chosen as instructional aid to the aspiring Cosmologist.

A recommended Forum to discuss any of these articles is located at

http://www.physicsforums.com or http://www.scienceforums.net: These sites are an excellent resource for asking questions on any physics or related topic.

**Site Articles (Articles written by PF and Site members)**

http://cosmology101.wikidot.com/redshift-and-expansion

http://cosmology101.wikidot.com/universe-geometry

**Misconceptions (Useful articles to answer various Cosmology Misconceptions)**

http://www.phinds.com/balloonanalogy/ : A thorough write up on the balloon analogy used to describe expansion

https://www.physicsforums.com/insights/inflationary-misconceptions-basics-cosmological-horizons/:Inflation and the Cosmological Horizon by Brian Powell

http://arxiv.org/abs/1304.4446 :"What we have leaned from Observational Cosmology." -A handy write up on observational cosmology in accordance with the LambdaCDM model.

http://arxiv.org/abs/astro-ph/0310808 :"Expanding Confusion: common misconceptions of cosmological horizons and the superluminal expansion of the Universe" Lineweaver and Davies

http://www.mso.anu.edu.au/~charley/papers/LineweaverDavisSciAm.pdf: "Misconceptions about the Big bang" also Lineweaver and Davies

http://arxiv.org/abs/1002.3966 "why the prejudice against a constant"

http://arxiv.org/abs/gr-qc/0508052 "In an expanding universe, what doesn't expand? Richard H. Price, Joseph D. Romano

http://arxiv.org/abs/1301.0219 What's in a Name: History and Meanings of the Term "Big Bang" Helge Kragh

http://arxiv.org/pdf/0906.1442v1.pdf Is it possible to see the infinite future of the Universe when falling into a black hole?

**Training (textbook Style Articles)**

http://arxiv.org/pdf/hep-ph/0004188v1.pdf :"ASTROPHYSICS AND COSMOLOGY"- A compilation of cosmology by Juan Garcıa-Bellido

http://arxiv.org/abs/astro-ph/0409426 An overview of Cosmology Julien Lesgourgues

http://arxiv.org/pdf/hep-th/0503203.pdf "Particle Physics and Inflationary Cosmology" by Andrei Linde

http://www.wiese.itp.unibe.ch/lectures/universe.pdf:" Particle Physics of the Early universe" by Uwe-Jens Wiese Thermodynamics, Big bang Nucleosynthesis

http://www.gutenberg.org/files/30155/30155-pdf.pdf: "Relativity: The Special and General Theory" by Albert Einstein

http://www.blau.itp.unibe.ch/newlecturesGR.pdf "Lecture Notes on General Relativity" Matthias Blau

http://arxiv.org/abs/1201.4598 "Introduction to Loop Quantum Cosmology by Abhay Ashtekar

http://arxiv.org/abs/hepth/9912205 : "Fields" - A free lengthy technical training manual on classical and quantum fields

**Historical article links**

http://www.astrosurf.com/luxorion/hubble-law-redshift1929.htm

Reprint of one of Hubbles papers.

http://www.marxists.org/reference/archive/einstein/works/1910s/relative/relativity.pdf

An authorized reprint of Einsteins Special relativity paper.

http://apod.nasa.gov/diamond_jubilee/debate20.html

The "Great debate of the 20's" jubilee reprint article available

http://www.drchinese.com/Bells_Theorem.htm

Good reference site covering Bells theorem.

http://www.intechopen.com/download/pdf/41230

good historical coverage of many of the key figures in Cosmology history

http://arxiv.org/abs/1302.1498 " “The Waters I am Entering No One yet Has Crossed”: Alexander Friedman and the Origins of Modern Cosmology" written by Ari Belenkiy

http://arxiv.org/pdf/1212.5499.pdf "The Contribution of V. M. Slipher to the Discovery of the

Expanding Universe" by C. O’Raifeartaigh

http://www.gutenberg.org/files/17384/17384-pdf.pdf "foundations of geometry" David Hilbert

**Physics Calculators**

http://jorrie.epizy.com/LightCone7-2017-02-08/LightCone_Ho7.html?i=2 : This handy calculator will make life far easier in understanding the expansion history of the universe. It is easily one of the better online expansion and redshift calculators going.

**Special relativity calculator**.

http://keisan.casio.com/has10/SpecExec.cgi?id=system/2006/1224059993

**Useful Calculus and unit conversion calculator links**.

**Calculus**

http://www.numberempire.com/

**Units**

http://www.onlineconversion.com/astronomical.htm

http://www.unitconverters.net/

**Useful Reference materials**

http://arxiv.org/pdf/astro-ph/0406095v2.pdf "The Cosmic energy inventory"

http://cosmology101.wikidot.com/local--files/main/touching_ghosts.pdf

http://terrytao.files.wordpress.com/2009/09/cosmic-distance-ladder1.pdf

http://arxiv.org/abs/1104.5499 :''Black hole Accretion Disk'' -Handy article on accretion disk measurements provides a technical compilation of measurements involving the disk itself.

http://arxiv.org/abs/1002.3966 "why the prejudice against a constant"

http://arxiv.org/abs/astro-ph/0r203330 "On the Cosmological Constant Problems and the Astronomical Evidence for a Homogeneous Energy Density with Negative Pressure"

http://arxiv.org/abs/0805.1947 "On the physical basis of cosmic time"

http://arxiv.org/pdf/1103.5331v3.pdf "What do we really know about Dark Energy?" by Ruth Durrer

http://arxiv.org/abs/1301.6674 "Habitable Zones Around Main-Sequence Stars: New Estimates" Various authors

http://arxiv.org/abs/astro-ph/?9905116 "Distance measures in cosmology" David W. Hogg

http://arxiv.org/abs/gr-qc/0503107 "Understanding Our Universe: Current Status and Open Issues T. Padmanabhan

http://arxiv.org/abs/physics/0503245 "Neutron Stars Gordon Baym, Frederick K. Lamb

http://arxiv.org/abs/astro-ph/0112551 "Large-Scale Structure of the Universe and Cosmological Perturbation Theory F. Bernardeau, S. Colombi, E. Gaztanaga, R. Scoccimarro

http://arxiv.org/abs/gr-qc/0504029 Black hole evaporation: A paradigm Abhay Ashtekar, Martin Bojowald

http://www.sciops.esa.int/index.php?project=PLANCK&page=Planck_Published_Papers